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History of Western Philosophy (Routledge Classics)

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Space-time, he maintains, is now space and time and the idea of a continuum is challenged with the idea of intervals. I also found the care he takes in placing these individuals, and their thought, into the flow of the historical timeline, and the current events of their day, to be quite helpful. Not only is this an excellent primer on all the major Western philosophers and an impressive synthesis of the evolution of philosophic thought over a 2500-year span, it's also one of the wittier books I've ever read. But as the evil unfolds, it leads to anarchy, thence, inevitably, to a new tyranny, producing a new synthesis secured by a new system of dogma. Since its first publication in 1945 Lord Russell's A History of Western Philosophy has been universally acclaimed as the outstanding one-volume work on the subject—unparalleled in its comprehensiveness, its clarity, its erudition, its grace and wit.

The work is divided into three books, each of which is subdivided into chapters; each chapter generally deals with a single philosopher, school of philosophy, or period of time. In his view, Russell was at his best when dealing with contemporary philosophy, and that in contrast "his treatment of ancient and medieval doctrines is nearly worthless. He takes the opportunity to address nearly every aspect of philosophy: ethics, epistemology, metaphysics, political philosophy, etc. Although I still think it is very handy as a ready reference on a great many philosophers – it is much better, as I've found, to have read it all first.All in all a very fascinating read which flows along nicely, spiced with Russell's wit and opinions.

This is not a book that requires either an extensive knowledge of philosophy, nor an extensive knowledge of history to be understood.

Notwithstanding this, A History of Western Philosophy was praised by physicists Albert Einstein and Erwin Schrödinger. It is a witty bird's-eye view of the main figures in Western thought enlivened by references to the personalities and quirks of the thinkers themselves.

The reader is never confused as to whether it is Russell’s idea or that of the philosopher under discussion. Deste modo Russell começa logo por atacar fortemente Sócrates, seguido de Platão, e até mesmo Aristóteles que diz admirar, e a quem tece alguns dos maiores elogios, acaba bastante mal-tratado. In 1950 he was awarded the Noble Prize for Literature in 1950 for his extensive contributions to world literature and for his "rationality and humanity, as a fearless champion of free speech and free thought in the West. If we could all live solitary and without labour, we could all enjoy this ecstasy of independence; since we cannot, its delights are only available to madmen and dictators. Por vezes, é preciso dar alguma razão a Russell, a "República" de Platão é realmente um manifesto em defesa do autoritarismo, mas daí a dizer que Sócrates provavelmente nunca existiu e pode ter sido inventado por Platão.There are, however, a number of allusions to him in Aristotle, and it seems incredible that these (which include textual quotations) would have occurred if he had been merely a myth. This book, like the others, also inspired me to dig a little further and I've acquired Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature, Spinoza's Ethics, and finally Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit.

Aliás, é por isso mesmo que cita Byron, pelo impacto que teve no desenvolvimento do romantismo que por sua vez viria a contaminar todo um século intelectual.Written late in life by one of the great contributors to philosophy and logic, who was also a man of deep and abiding liberal principles, it is a unique book. Full title A History of Western Philosophy And Its Connection with Political and Social Circumstances from the Earliest Times to the Present Day – the indefinite article was deleted in the British editions. In 1947 in the Journal of the History of Ideas, the philosopher George Boas wrote that, " A History of Western Philosophy errs consistently in this respect. This allows one, especially a religious defender, to better understand and anticipate atheistic thought - even if said thought is outdated. I think Russell’s arguments in this section are similar to the ones I tried to make, but are made in a way that is infinitely clearer than I was capable of at the time - a time when I was keen to seem very 'philosophic' ie, totally unclear.

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